Around the world and within the U. While this description offers a general understanding of poverty, sociologists recognize a few different types of it. Share Flipboard Email. It is characterized by a lack of access to food, clothing, and shelter. The characteristics of this type of poverty are the same from place to place. Relative poverty exists when one lacks the means and resources required to meet a minimum level of living standards that are considered normal in the society or community where one lives.
In many parts of the world, for example, indoor plumbing is regarded as a sign of affluence, but in industrial societies, it is taken for granted and its absence in a household is taken as a sign of poverty. In the U. According to the U. This type of poverty is typically linked to specific events that disrupt a society, like war, an economic crash or recession , or natural phenomena or disasters that disrupt the distribution of food and other resources.
Within the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs the eradication of extreme poverty remains a central objective of international development efforts. As with the Millennium Development Goals before them, the SDGs recognise that poverty has multiple dimensions and that progress is needed on a number of fronts economic, social and political if poverty is to be effectively tackled.
Government departments, international development agencies and non-governmental organisations NGOs are thus expected to design policies and to plan interventions with a clear understanding of how these will contribute to poverty reduction objectives in the areas concerned. This module is aimed at development practitioners — from government departments, international development agencies, NGOs or private business — who are involved in the design of policy or interventions to combat poverty in low- or middle-income countries. It aims to provide a sound understanding of the nature of poverty, its causes and consequences, of trends in poverty reduction across continents and regions of the world, and of debates as to the drivers of these trends.
Jul 30, Donnie rated it it was ok. There is some useful stuff in here, but there are some huge problematic things going on in this book. Primarily it's very classist. I also think its a dangerous book in the sense that if one allows oneself to read this book without a questioning mind, one may get sucked into the simple explanations the author offers.
It's quite payneful how she explains poverty. Mar 22, J rated it really liked it Shelves: sociology. Payne offers outstanding discourse on variations in socioeconomic outlooks and perspectives. I used this quite a bit when dealing with offenders in my work as a probation-parole officer.
Payne has an uncanny ability to vet out subtle cultural nuances and how they relate to one's world-view. I highly recommend this book as a quick study for understanding the things people do - things which might otherwise leave you bewildered. Now, I understand that there are some folks who dismiss this book a Dr. Now, I understand that there are some folks who dismiss this book as soft on research and even damning of poor people I don't see it that way and I think such detractors are really missing the Dr.
Payne's point. There is a reason for everything people do. From a sociological perspective, outward appearances don't fully explain why people behave as they do if we fail to take social context into account. Payne does an exemplary job of providing insights to meet people on a plane where they define the terms of their existence rather than attempting to make them 'fit' neatly into 'ours'. That is where people are missing the mark; they are invoking their particular world view to make sense out of worlds that have nothing in common with their own.
Yet others are put off owing to feelings of being marginalized by what they consider being labeled since they are a member of the group being described. My response is that we have to start somewhere and it is easy to criticize any body of work when we act to dismiss whatever tends to make us feel uncomfortable.
Audiobook – A Framework for Understanding Poverty 6th Edition | aha! Process : aha! Process
My suggestion is to lay our prejudices both for or against the topic of study and try to see if any of it makes sense when personal bias is filtered out of the scheme. The book is slightly academic in nature - Dr. Payne is an educator after all - but, by no means is this book a difficult read. It is quite short and could easily be completely read in one sitting.
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It is the kind of book that makes you think so, you will most likely be re-reading and using it as a reference book. What you will find most intriguing about the book is its ability to accurately depict the intricacies of social systems - both within their own context - and, moreover what happens when socioeconomic worlds collide.
Apr 15, Alexis rated it it was ok. I think I would like to run this book through a Social-Science version of Mythbusters. Feb 13, George rated it it was amazing. I got Ms. Payne's book based on some interesting excerpts that someone posted online. The excerpts had to do with the different types of speech and how they influence learning and even ways of thinking.
The poster quoted some sections from the book which assert that the differences in speech between the general classes of poverty, middle class and wealth have much more impact on the brain than most people realize. This intrigued me. The book is targeted at school administrators and employers, bu I got Ms.
The book is targeted at school administrators and employers, but I think a lot of people could benefit from reading it. Framework, starts out by re-defining poverty as more than just an economic issue. Payne, outlines the various resources that aren't typically taken into account when talking about poverty: emotional, mental, spiritual, physical, support systems, relationships and role models, knowledge of hidden class rules.
The lack of financial resources is quite obvious in any discussion of poverty. The emotional is less so: "Being able to choose and control emotional responses, particularly to negative situations, without engaging in self-destructive behavior". Mental resources are also typically left out: "Having the mental abilities and acquired skills reading, writing, computing to deal with daily life".
Support systems are never thought of: "Having friends, family, and backup resources available to access in times of need. These are external resources". Relationships and role models: "Having frequent access to adult s who are appropriate, who are nurturing to a child, and do not engage in self-destructive behavior". Knowledge of the hidden class rules: "Knowing the unspoken cues and habits of a group". In fact, I would say that a lot of people in any class make assumptions many times they are incorrect which prevent them from understanding people in the other classes and lead to false judgments levied against those in the other classes.
But more on that later. She also spend a little time making a distinction between situational poverty, where one falls on hard times and drops from wealth to middle class or middle class to poverty and generational poverty. Generational poverty being the situation where a family is in poverty for two or more generations. If you come out of poverty into middle class, you are still, for the purposes of the book, someone who came from poverty.
Your children will still have some of the echoes of the effects of poverty. It is not until their children that the traits disappear. This fact is largely unknown even to those who carry the traits of generational poverty with them. After Payne defines poverty by way of resources, she moves onto language and story structure and how those things influence thought and actions. The first topic in chapter two is the "Registers of Language".
Each is defined as follows: Frozen - Language that is always the same. Examples are, the Lord's Prayer, wedding vows, etc Formal - The standard sentence syntax and word choice of work and school. Consultative - Formal register when used in conversation. Discourse pattern not quite as direct as formal register. Casual - Language between friends and is characterized by a to word vocabulary.
Word choice is general and not specific. Conversation is dependent upon non-verbal assists moving hands, facial expressions, gestures. Sentence syntax is often incomplete. Intimate - Language between lovers. Also the language used in sexual harassment. One thing that he discovered while conceptualizing these registers of language was that you can drop one register in a conversation and still be socially acceptable. But to drop two or more is socially offensive.
Subjects and Series
In the middle of a prayer, someone in the room says, "How 'bout them Bulls". That would be a social gaffe. This, clearly illustrates one of the barriers that most people are unaware of when dealing with people from different classes. Much of this linguistic work found that people coming from generational poverty exclusively use casual register in their language.
The middle class and the wealthy tend to use formal register for the most part. At the most basic and obvious level, this creates a barrier to entry into the professional world. But, it has deeper effects than most realize. Growing up around casual register has impacts on the developing skills of a child. Long-term effects that are quite damaging.